Hesham A Syed

September 21, 2009

History of National Anthem of Pakistan

Filed under: Pakistan — Hesham A Syed @ 7:03 pm
Tags:

History of National Anthem of Pakistan : Follow all the links from the bottom of this email up

Set of response info – for your perusal.
My query was in ref to Dawn article – see at the bottom of this email .

On Mon, Sep 21, 2009 at 9:15 AM, Iqbal Kidwai <i.quidwai@gmail.com> wrote:

Interesting comments I was interested in reading because Mr. H.
Jullundheri was my neighbor across the street from mid 50s to mid 70s
or so Unfortunately he was a loner and his doors were always shut and
he did not make friends with neighbors. I  had heard of  the foreign
wife but never saw her.
This link was good
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafeez_Jullundhri

Ekbal Kidwai
==============================

=============================================================

On Sep 20, 8:51 pm, FM <endr…@gmail.com> wrote:
> Today I have felt that our Blog is source of valuable information. It is
> indeed an eye opener as a historical Back ground and ground realities. I
> wonder we took so long to write National anthem then what is wrong we are
> still striving for the last 62 years for Social Justice.
> Regardless it was good thought and post.
> FM
>

> On Mon, Sep 21, 2009 at 8:39 AM, Laila Isphandyar <lailaisphand…@gmail.com
>
>
>
> > wrote:
> > You are welcome.
>
> >   On Sun, Sep 20, 2009 at 6:03 PM, Hesham Syed <heshams…@yahoo.ca>wrote:

>
> >>      *Thank you for your feed back and information provided – much
> >> appreciated – wonder if any one has any further comment or want to add on
> >> the script from Laila.

> >> **https://heshamsyed.wordpress.com*<https://heshamsyed.wordpress.com/>
>
> >> — On *Sun, 9/20/09, Laila Isphandyar <lailaisphand…@gmail.com>*wrote:
>
> >> From: Laila Isphandyar <lailaisphand…@gmail.com>

> >> Subject: Re: Who wrote Pakistan National Anthem ?
> >> To: pakpotpourri@googlegroups.com

> >> Cc: edi…@dawn.com

> >> Received: Sunday, September 20, 2009, 8:19 AM
>
> >>   I believe YAA has a hard copy of the original speech by Jinnah which
> >> stated religion to be a business of the indibidual & not the state.
> >> It was Mohammad Ali who censored the speech of 11th August 1947.At

> >> independence, on August 14 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_14>, 1947<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947>,

> >> Pakistan did not have a national anthem. When the flag was hoisted at the
> >> independence ceremony it was accompanied by the song, “*Pakistan
> >> Zindabad, Azadi Paendabad*”. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of

> >> Pakistan, asked Lahore <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahore>-based Hindu
> >> writer, Jagannath Azad <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagannath_Azad> on August
> >> 9 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_9>, 1947<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947>to write a national anthem for Pakistan in five days. The anthem written by
> >> Azad was quickly approved by Jinnah, and it was played on Radio Pakistan<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_Broadcasting_Corporation>.

> >> Azad’s work remained as Pakistan’s national anthem for approximately
> >> eighteen months, despite competition from a rival attempt by a Mr B T
> >> Baghar.

> >> In early 1948, A. R. Ghani from Transvaal<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transvaal>,
> >> South Africa <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Africa>, offered two
> >> prizes of five thousand rupees<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_rupee>each for the poet and composer of a new national anthem. The prizes were

> >> announced through a Government press note published in June 1948. In
> >> December 1948, a National Anthem Committee (NAC) was formed, initially
> >> chaired by the Information Secretary, Sheikh Muhammad Ikram. Committee
> >> members included several politicians, poets and musicians such as Abdur

> >> Rab Nishtar <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdur_Rab_Nishtar>, Ahmed
> >> Chagla <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Ghulamali_Chagla> and Hafeez
> >> Jullundhri <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafeez_Jullundhri>. The

> >> committee had some difficulty at first in finding suitable music and lyrics.

> >> In 1950, the impending state visit of the Shah of Iran<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammad_Reza_Pahlavi>,

> >> resulted in the Government asking the NAC to submit an anthem without delay.
> >> The committee chairman, Federal Minister for Education, Fazlur Rahman, asked
> >> several poets and composers to write lyrics but none of the submitted works
> >> were deemed suitable. The NAC also examined several different tunes and
> >> eventually selected the one presented by Chagla and submitted it for formal
> >> approval. Chagla produced the musical composition in collaboration with

> >> another committee member and assisted by the Pakistan Navy<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_Navy>band.
> >> The music of the anthem was composed by Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Ghulamali_Chagla>,
> >> with lyrics written by Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafeez_Jullundhri>.
> >> The three stanza <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanza> composition was

> >> officially adopted in 1954. However, the music for the anthem had been
> >> composed in 1950 and had been used on several occasions before official
> >> adoption. The lyrics allude to a “Sacred Land” referring to Pakistan and a

> >> “Flag of the Crescent and Star” referring to the national flag<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Pakistan>.
> >> Unofficially, the anthem is sometimes referred to by its first line<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incipit>
> >> “*Pāk sarzamīn shād bād*” (Urdu: “Blessed be the sacred land”). The

> >> national anthem is played during any event involving the hoisting of the

> >> flag, for example Pakistan Day<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_holidays_in_Pakistan>(March
> >> 23 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_23>) and Independence Day<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_%28Pakistan%29>(August
> >> 14 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_14>).
> >> The anthem without lyrics was performed for Prime Minister<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_Pakistan> Liaquat
> >> Ali Khan <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liaquat_Ali_Khan> and later for
> >> the National Anthem Committee on August 10<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_10>,
> >> 1950 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1950>.Although it was approved for

> >> playing during the visit of the Shah, official recognition was not given
> >> until August 1954.The anthem was also played during the Prime Minister’s

> >> visit to the United States <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States>.

> >> The NAC distributed records of the composed tune amongst prominent poets,
> >> who responded by writing and submitting several hundred songs for evaluation
> >> by the NAC. Eventually, the lyrics written by Jullundhri were approved and
> >> the new national anthem was first played properly on Radio Pakistan on August

> >> 13 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_13>, 1954<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954>.

> >> Official approval was announced by the Ministry of Information and

> >> Broadcasting on August 16 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_16>, 1954<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954>.

> >> The composer Chagla had however died in 1953, before the new national anthem
> >> was officially adopted. In 1955 there was a performance of the national

> >> anthem involving eleven major singers of Pakistan including Ahmad Rushdi<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmad_Rushdi>

> >> .
> >> Timeline
>
> >>    – 1949 – Musical composition by Ahmad G. Chagla (running time, 1

> >>    minute <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minute> 20 seconds<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second>)
>
> >>    – 1952 – Verses written by Hafeez Jullundhri, selected from 723

> >>    entries
> >>    – 1954 – Released on Radio Pakistan on 13 August. Singers of the
> >>    anthem were: Ahmad Rushdi, Shamim Bano, Kokab Jehan, Rasheeda Begum, Najam
> >>    Ara, Naseema Shaheen, Zwar Hussain, Akhtar Abbas, Ghulam Dastgir, Anwar
> >>    Zaheer and Akhtar Wassi.
>

> >>   On Sun, Sep 20, 2009 at 9:50 AM, Yasmeen Ali <yasmeenal…@gmail.com<http://mc/compose?to=yasmeenal…@gmail.com>
> >> > wrote:

>
> >>> ———- Forwarded message ———-
> >>> From: Hesham Syed <heshams…@yahoo.ca<http://mc/compose?to=heshams…@yahoo.ca>
>
> >>> Date: Sun, Sep 20, 2009 at 2:24 AM
> >>> Subject: Who wrote Pakistan National Anthem ?
> >>> To:
>
> >>>   Any Comment on this article in Dawn ?
>
> >>> Your friend has sent you the following link from Dawn.com
> >>> Another time, another anthem
>

> >>>http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/pa...
>

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