Prophet Eisa ( pbuh ) return and Hadees : a response / commentary – Hesham Syed
Feb 21 – 2010
Dear Khaleel Yousuf Siddiqi sb – Aoa
This is a follow up of my earlier response to you – I have been extremely busy and could not find time to reply to you in detail because the type of queries you have made compels me to write a book or at least a book let if necessary , although many books have been written already on these issues by prominent scholars and these must be available all over the place. Please look for these books to get a better insight. I am not against web surfing as many valuable information has been made available online to reach a common man but one has to be careful as there are many distractions and subversive activities also going on and a lot of sites are made by deviant Muslims or so called Muslim and even non Muslims pretending to be Muslim or Cult group who are day and night busy in spreading fitna with the help of this technology – In addition to Rejections of Hadees to create doubt about one of the most valuable source of information to interpret Quran , for past centuries and now even Quran is quoted out of context , doubts are created about the reliability of Quran , it’s compilation process & time , missing aiyaats , beside wrong translation or misinterpretation – Therefore, one should always consult a knowledgeable person / Murshid / Scholar and just not take every thing for granted if it appears on the websites. After all in no worldly knowledge one becomes it’s master without going through certain system and process – A doctor, surgeon , engineer , lawyer , scientists , business specialist , artist , painter etc is not certified or made of any value by just reading books and articles from here and there and by surfing the websites but it requires one specialist to pass on the expertise and knowledge to other – so why in case of Allah’s deen every one pretends to be a champion or a Mufti or an Imam by having acquired just surface knowledge & without any training or tazkia ie spiritual cleansing he or she starts spreading half baked information – Neem Hakeem Khatraiey Jaan ? Think about it!
There are two major portion of your query – One is about the Hadees and of its reliability and the other is about the Hadees on Issa bin Mariam ( as ) itself .
In order to avoid that you all may continue waiting for my answer on the subject , in the mean time please ponder on a few issues as follows and that may lead you to the right answer to all the points you have raised. Although the points you have brought up are not new and many debates , arguments and discussions have been going on these topics for ages by those who are sincere and by those Aql- e-Kul also who bring up these things to prove their supremacy of knowledge , due the disease or ailment of Kibr or Ego inflicted upon themselves.
1.Do you understand Haqeeqatey Muhammadi ? Nabuwat & Risalat ? Wilaiyat ?
2.What perception do you have of Allah ( swt ) and of HIS Qudrat ?
3.Do you understand the importance of Hadees / Sunnah in Deen ? and how Quran and Hadees compliment each other ?
4.Have you ever gone through the books and articles written to counter munkir ul Hadees arguments ?
5.Who is the media between the entire human being and Allah ( swt ) to confirm what is Quran and what is not ? Is there any other person after the eminence of Muhammed ( saw ) to whom angel Gibrael came or who received Wahee ? other than false or self proclaimed prophets who take Iblees or Shaitaan to be like god and angel, Astaghfar – Allah
6.What is Wahee ? and do you know that Qauley Rasool is also Wahee ? and if it is not then even Quran is doubtful – because first you believe in Rasool and of his qaul then on Quran that it is endorsed as Quran by Rasool ( saw ).
7.Do you know that in reality Qauley Rasool and detail of his action was being compiled even in his presence – He one time stopped it and that was a very early stage so that the Kaatibaane Wahee ( recorders of Wahee ) may not mix the two Wahees ( matloyee and ghair matloyee ) together but later he allowed when people were trained to make the distinction and he very clearly pointed to his mouth that write what ever you hear from me because nothing comes out from here other than Haq – and even Quran endorses it in a few place – that Prophet ( saw ) does not even say any thing other than what Allah ( swt ) wants him to say – And that, accept what ever Rasool tells or offers you and refrain what he stops you from , Further more Quran says that he is the best example among you to be followed and his obedience and following is the obedience of Allah ( Did Allah specified what to follow of him and what not to follow of him ? ) – Therefore Rasool ( saw ) Qaul or Action & Quran are two sides of the same coin or the same metal of one coin and he is the practical implementation or realization of Quran. Was it not possible for Allah ( swt ) to have Quran sent printed to every person and turn them all to be Muslim but HE has chosen to introduce HIMSELF and of HIS attributes and of HIS messages to mankind and Jinn through all the Prophets ( pbut) and most profoundly and completely through Muhammed ( saw ). As quran is protected by Allah ( swt ) so are the Ahadees / documents of Seeratey Rasool / Sunnah without which Quran can be left to all falsified interpretations by each individual without proper knowledge and we all see and hear it every day.
Imam Bukharee and Imam Muslim or any of Muhadeyseen in their life time have only compiled and edited the riwaiyat of Sahabaas &, Tabeyeen which were also found written, as well as via direct commentary but through a very scientific and logical process designed based on the authenticity, integrity and piety of the person quoting the Prophet( saw ) – None of the muhaddeyseen invented or fabricated Hadees but the utmost care & caution made them drop or reject many riwaiyats which did not fit in to their sheave or scale of scanning to make the selection.
8. Do you know how many Aiyaats in Quran do not carry detail and even carry the exact words what is perceived but understood and interpreted only with the help of Qaul /Sayings and Action of Rasool ( saw ) and that is compiled in form of Hadees and even by following those who were directly trained and educated by Rasool ( saw ).
It must be clearly understood that not everything which is important is made explicitly clear in Quran. This is because the book was not given to individuals by Allah subhanahu wa Ta’ala to read by themselves, understand it on their own and act according to their understanding, rather it was revealed to the last and final messenger of Allah (SWT) Mohammed salla Allaho alayhi wa sallam with the command to explain it to the people.
وَأَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ ٱلذِّڪۡرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيۡہِمۡ وَلَعَلَّهُمۡ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ (سورة النحل آية٤٤)
And We have sent down unto you (O Muhammad SAW) the Dhikr [the reminder and the advice (the Qur'ân)], that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (Sura An-Nahal verse 44)
And in Sura Al-Qiyama Ayaat 16-19 Allah subhanahu wa Ta’ala says to Mohammed salla Allaho alayhi wa sallam “Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’ân, O Muhammad SAW) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it (in your memory) and to give you (O Muhammad SAW) the ability to recite it (the Qur’ân), And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad SAW through Jibril (Gabriel)], then follow you its (the Qur’ân’s) recital. Then it is for Us (Allâh) to make it clear (to you).” This is what is meant by a Hadith of Rasoolullah (SAW) in Musnad Ahmed Ibn Hanbal that “I have been given Quran and similar to it with it.”
It is therefore important to note that Muhammed (saw) was not given just the verses of Quran but their clear explanation was also revealed to him which he had to convey to the people in his own words and actions in addition to the wordings of Quran. Therefore anybody who would try to understand Quran disregarding the Ahadith of Rasoolullah (saw) is bound to err and mislead others.
Quran is not “for dummies” type of book but requires a teacher and its first and only authoritative teacher was Rasoolullah (saw) and after him his companions (Sahaba) who learned it from him and then the generation who learned from the companions and passed the Knowledge down to us through verifiable reliable unbroken chain of scholars.
This fact is so evident that no sane person can refute it.
Ask anyone who thinks that every important matter should be found explicitly clear in Quran, where in Quran can I find the Salat which Rasoolullah (SAW) has taught us? In Arabic language Salat means just supplication as the word prayer in English. It is mentioned in Quran to offer Salat at definite times but nowhere in Quran the definite timings of each Salat are mentioned. It is obligatory on Muslims to offer five prayers every day. Where would you find in Quran this explicitly commanded. This is just one subject or example and the same applies to so many other matters in different sphere of life.
Keeping this fundamental principle in mind here are the references from Quran which refer to the descending of Essa alyhis-Salam prior to Qiyama supplemented by authentic ahadith which are so many that they reach the level of Tawatur or undeniable report like the Hadith of obligation to pray five times a day.
Did Essa (AS) Die?
First we have to examine the subject whether Essa (AS) died because if he died then there is no question of coming back but if he did not then according to the law of Allah that every soul has to taste the death, he must die one day on this earth no matter how long this period is stretched. The story of the people of the cave “Ashab-ul-Kahf” is a manifest example of it who went in hiding and Allah made them sleep for over three hundred years after which they woke up to find that the world has totally changed and then they died.
So equally important is the belief that Essa (AS) did not die. He was neither crucified nor killed but was lifted alive with soul and body to heavens by Allah as mentioned in Surat un Nisa Ayaat 157-158
Ascension of Essa (AS) Alive by Allah
وَقَوۡلِهِمۡ إِنَّا قَتَلۡنَا ٱلۡمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ٱبۡنَ مَرۡيَمَ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَـٰكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمۡۚ وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱخۡتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ لَفِى شَكٍّ۬ مِّنۡهُۚ مَا لَهُم بِهِۦ مِنۡ عِلۡمٍ إِلَّا ٱتِّبَاعَ ٱلظَّنِّۚ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينَۢا (١٥٧) بَل رَّفَعَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِلَيۡهِۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمً۬ا (١٥٨)
That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”; ― but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.― (157) Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. (158).
Descent of Essa (AS) on earth and death
In the same context in Aya 159 Surat un Nisa Allah subhanahu wa Ta’ala is mentioning that those (the Jews) who rejected his ministry and boasted of killing him and those (Christians) who are confused and uncertain about his fate will all recognize and believe in him before his death.
وَإِن مِّنۡ أَهۡلِ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ إِلَّا لَيُؤۡمِنَنَّ بِهِۦ قَبۡلَ مَوۡتِهِۦۖ وَيَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ شَہِيدً۬ا (١٥٩)
And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his [i.e., Jesus’s] death; and on the Day of Judgment He will be a witness against them.― (159)
We know for sure that as of today the Jews and Christians (People of the Book) do not believe in the true nature of Jesus Christ and believe that he died on the Cross. All this has to come to an end and both the Jews and Christians alike are bound to believe in the true nature of Jesus Christ (Essa alayhis salam) before his death.
This will happen prior to Qiyama and is considered as one of the major signs of Qiyama. The Aya 61 in Sura Az-Zukhruf refers to it.
وَإِنَّهُ ۥ لَعِلۡمٌ۬ لِّلسَّاعَةِ فَلَا تَمۡتَرُنَّ بِہَا وَٱتَّبِعُونِۚ هَـٰذَا صِرَٲطٌ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٌ۬ (٦١)
And indeed he (Jesus) shall be (a sign) for the knowledge of the Hour (of Judgment): therefore be not in doubt about it, but follow Me: this is a Straight Path. (61)
Ahadith on this subject:
عَنْ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَيُوشِكَنَّ أَنْ يَنْزِلَ فِيكُمْ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ حَكَمًا عَدْلًا فَيَكْسِرَ الصَّلِيبَ وَيَقْتُلَ الْخِنْزِيرَ وَيَضَعَ الْجِزْيَةَ وَيَفِيضَ الْمَالُ حَتَّى لَا يَقْبَلَهُ أَحَدٌ حَتَّى تَكُونَ السَّجْدَةُ الْوَاحِدَةُ خَيْرًا مِنْ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا فِيهَا ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَاقْرَءُوا إِنْ شِئْتُمْ وَإِنْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهِ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا ( رواه البخاري )
Ibn Shehab narrates from Saeed ibn Musyyeb that he heard Abu Huraira (RA) saying that the messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, surely (Jesus,) the son of Mary will soon descend amongst you and will judge mankind justly (as a Just Ruler); he will break the Cross and kill the pigs and there will be no Jizya (i.e. taxation taken from non Muslims). Money will be so much in abundance that nobody will accept it, hence a single prostration to Allah (in prayer) will be better than the whole world and whatever is in it.” Abu Huraira added “Check this out (by yourself), if you wish, and recite (this verse of the Holy Book), — “And there is none Of the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians) But must believe in him (i.e Jesus as an Apostle of Allah and a human being) Before his death. And on the Day of Judgment He will be a witness against them.” See Sura 4 Ayah 159 (Reported by Bukhari)
The same Hadith is also reported by Imam Muslim with several chains of narrators.
عَنْ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي نَافِعٌ مَوْلَى أَبِي قَتَادَةَ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَيْفَ أَنْتُمْ إِذَا نَزَلَ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ فِيكُمْ وَإِمَامُكُمْ مِنْكُمْ ( رواه بخاري و مسلم )
Ibn Shehab narrated that Nafe’ the freed slave of abi Qatada Al-Ansari informed me that Abu Huraira (RA) Said that the messenger of Allah (SAW) said “How (awesome) would be your situation when the son of Mary will descend amongst you and there will be an Imam from amongst you? Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.
ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ لَا تَزَالُ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْ أُمَّتِي يُقَاتِلُونَ عَلَى الْحَقِّ ظَاهِرِينَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ فَيَنْزِلُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَيَقُولُ أَمِيرُهُمْ تَعَالَ صَلِّ لَنَا فَيَقُولُ لَا إِنَّ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ أُمَرَاءُ تَكْرِمَةَ اللَّهِ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةَ (رواه مسلم)
Ibn Juraij said that Abu Zubair informed me that he heard Jabir Ibn. ‘Abdullah (RA) saying: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (May peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) say: A section of my people will not cease fighting for the Truth and will prevail till the Day of Resurrection. He (further) said: Jesus son of Mary would then descend and their (Muslim’s) commander would invite him to come and lead them in prayer, but he would say: No, some amongst you are commanders over some (amongst you). This is the honor from Allah for this Ummah” (Reported by Muslim)
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ لَيْسَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُ نَبِيٌّ يَعْنِي عِيسَى وَإِنَّهُ نَازِلٌ فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمُوهُ فَاعْرِفُوهُ رَجُلٌ مَرْبُوعٌ إِلَى الْحُمْرَةِ وَالْبَيَاضِ بَيْنَ مُمَصَّرَتَيْنِ كَأَنَّ رَأْسَهُ يَقْطُرُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُصِبْهُ بَلَلٌ فَيُقَاتِلُ النَّاسَ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ فَيَدُقُّ الصَّلِيبَ وَيَقْتُلُ الْخِنْزِيرَ وَيَضَعُ الْجِزْيَةَ وَيُهْلِكُ اللَّهُ فِي زَمَانِهِ الْمِلَلَ كُلَّهَا إِلَّا الْإِسْلَامَ وَيُهْلِكُ الْمَسِيحَ الدَّجَّالَ فَيَمْكُثُ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً ثُمَّ يُتَوَفَّى فَيُصَلِّي عَلَيْهِ الْمُسْلِمُونَ ( رواه ابو داؤد)
Abu Huraira (RA) narrated The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “There is no prophet between me and him, that is, Jesus (peace be upon him). He will descent (to the earth). When you see him, recognize him: a man of medium height, reddish white (complexion), wearing two light yellow garments, looking as if drops were falling down from his head though it will not be wet. He will fight the people for the cause of Islam. He will break the cross, kill swine, and abolish jizyah. Allah will perish, during his time, all religions except Islam. He will destroy the Dajjal and will live on the earth for forty years and then he will die. The Muslims will pray over him.” (Reported by Abu Daud)
There are plenty of very authentic Ahadith on this subject but I would just like to conclude by quoting a long Hadith in Sahih Muslim which mentions in detail the coming of Essa alaihis Salam and the events to follow after his coming which are all major signs of approach of the Qiyama. I am only quoting its translation but if you so desire I will provide you the actual text.
An-Nawwas b. Sam’an (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) made a mention of the Dajjal one day in the morning. He sometimes described him to be insignificant and sometimes described (his turmoil) as very significant and we felt as if he were in the cluster of the date-palm trees. When we went to him (to the Holy Prophet) in the evening and he read (the signs of fear) in our faces, he said: What is the matter with you? We said: Allah’s Messenger, you made a mention of the Dajjal in the morning (sometimes describing him) to be insignificant and sometimes very important, until we began to think as if he were present in some (near) part of the cluster of the date palm trees. Thereupon he said: I harbor fear in regard to you in so many other things besides the Dajjal. If he comes forth while I am among you, I shall contend with him on your behalf, but if he comes forth while I am not amongst you, a man must contend on his own behalf and Allah would take care of every Muslim on my behalf (and safeguard him against his evil). He (Dajjal) would be a young man with twisted, contracted hair, and a blind eye. I compare him to ‘Abd-ul-’Uzza b. Qatan. He who amongst you would survive to see him should recite over him the opening verses of Sura Kahf (xviii.). He would appear on the way between Syria and Iraq and would spread mischief right and left. O servant of Allah! Adhere (to the path of Truth). We said: Allah’s Messenger, how long would he stay on the earth? He said, for forty days, one day like a year and one day like a month and one day like a week and the rest of the days would be like your days. We said: Allah’s Messenger, would one day’s prayer suffice for the prayers of day equal to one year? There upon he said: No, but you must make an estimate of time (and then observe prayer). We said: Allah’s Messenger, how quickly would he walk upon the earth? Thereupon he said: Like cloud driven by the wind. He would come to the people and invite them (to a wrong religion) and they would affirm their faith in him and respond to him. He would then give command to the sky and there would be rainfall upon the earth and it would grow crops. Then in the evening, their posturing animals would come to them with their humps very high and their udders full of milk and their flanks stretched. He would then come to another people and invite them. But they would reject him and he would go away from them and there would be drought for them and nothing would be left with them in the form of wealth. He would then walk through the waste land and say to it: Bring forth your treasures, and the treasures would come out and collect (themselves) before him like the swarm of bees. He would then call a person brimming with youth and strike him with the sword and cut him into two pieces and (make these pieces lie at a distance which is generally) between the archer and his target. He would then call (that young man) and he will come forward laughing with his face gleaming (with happiness) and it would at this very time that Allah would send Christ, son of Mary, and he will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he would lower his head, there would fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he would raise it up, beads like pearls would scatter from it. Every non-believer who would smell the odor of his self would die and his breath would reach as far as he would be able to see. He would then search for him (Dajjal) until he would catch hold of him at the gate of Ludd and would kill him. Then a people whom Allah had protected would come to Jesus, son of Mary, and he would wipe their faces and would inform them of their ranks in Paradise and it would be under such conditions that Allah would reveal to Jesus these words: I have brought forth from amongst My servants such people against whom none would be able to fight; you take these people safely to Tur, and then Allah would send Gog and Magog and they would swarm down from every slope. The first of them would pass the lake of Tibering and drink out of it. And when the last of them would pass, he would say: There was once water there. Jesus and his companions would then be besieged here (at Tur, and they would be so much hard pressed) that the head of the ox would be dearer to them than one hundred dinars and Allah’s Apostle, Jesus, and his companions would supplicate to Allah, Who would send to them (i.e. to Gog and Magog) insects which would attack their necks and in the morning they would perish like one single person (all at once). Allah’s Apostle, Jesus, and his companions would then come down to the earth and they would not find in the earth as much space as a single span which is not filled with their putrefaction and stench. Allah’s Apostle, Jesus, and his companions would then again beseech Allah, Who would send birds whose necks would be like those of Bactrian camels and they would carry them and throw them where God would will. Then Allah would send rain which no house of clay or (the tent of) camels’ hairs would keep out and it would wash away the earth until it could appear to be a mirror. Then the earth would be told to bring forth its fruit and restore its blessing and, as a result thereof, there would grow (such a big) pomegranate that a group of persons would be able to eat that, and seek shelter under its skin and milk cow would give so much milk that a whole party would be able to drink it. And the milk camel would give such (a large quantity of) milk that the whole tribe would be able to drink out of that and the milk sheep would give so much milk that the whole family would be able to drink out of that, while they are in this situation Allah would then send a pleasant wind which would soothe (people) even under their armpits, and would take the life of every Muslim and only the wicked would survive who would commit adultery like asses and the Last Hour would come to them.
Reported by Imam Muslim in his Sahih under the title Kitab Al-Fitan wa Ashrat As-Sa’ah
(Book Pertaining to The Turmoil and Portents of The Last Hour)
Additional Hadees :
.This hadith mentions about the death of Essa alaihis Salam after his descend.
Arabic text :
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( ÑæÇå ÇÈæ ÏÇÄÏ)
Abu Huraira (RA) narrated The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “There is no prophet between me and him, that is, Jesus (peace be upon him). He will descent (to the earth). When you see him, recognize him: a man of medium height, reddish white (complexion), wearing two light yellow garments, looking as if drops were falling down from his head though it will not be wet. He will fight the people for the cause of Islam. He will break the cross, kill swine, and abolish jizyah. Allah will perish, during his time, all religions except Islam. He will destroy the Dajjal and will live on the earth for forty years and then he will die. The Muslims will pray over him.”
(Reported by Abu Daud)
Second Issue : This is also an issue raised some time by deviant Muslims to create doubt hence the explanation is made here for additional knowledge :
Quranic verses are not compiled in sequence of their time of revelation, creates confusion as to which Aya abrogates another by not knowing the order of revelation.
This is actually no valid objection because this information is not out of the reach of the people of knowledge who study Quran through proper channel. Asbab un Nuzul, Nasikh and Mansukh, Makki and Madani Suras, Makki Ayat in Madani Suras or vice versa, sequence of Suras in order of revelation, different Mutawatir Qira’at etc. are all well documented and are taught as Uloom-ul-Quran..
The fact that Quran was revealed in 23 Years in portions and ayaat from several suras were being revealed simultaneously and randomly at various occasions and not that one full sura is revealed before the start of another sura is well known. It is also known that the order in which the aayat and suras are arranged in Quran was directed by Rasoolullah (SAW) in the light of Wahi and it is the same order in which Rasoolullah (SAW) recited the full Quran and the companions has learned it from the prophet (SAW). But all the above mentioned Uloom of Quran were known to the companions as they have lived through it and have learned directly from the prophet (SAW) himself. They passed this knowledge to the next generation and the generation after generation it was passed down to us. And all this is well documented
So the answer for those who do not know is to ask the people of knowledge and not to say anything without proper investigation. This is what Allah (SWT) Himself has advised.
“So ask those who know the Scripture if you do not know.” تَعۡلَمُونَ فَسۡـَٔلُوٓاْ أَهۡلَ ٱلذِّكۡرِ إِن كُنتُمۡ لَا
Imagine how vigilant was Abu Bakr Siddique (RA) when he said at one occasion that which earth will carry me and which sky will cover me if I say about Quran without knowledge
9.Indeed Prophet Muhammed ( saw ) is the final most Messenger and Nabee of Allah ( swt ) but does this mean his mission will not to be continued after his departure from this world ? Who is expected to pursue his mission after he left and Amar bil maaroof va Nahialmunkir should be discontinued ? Obviously the mission has to be pursued all time and people of his Umma have been assigned to do that in their own capacity.
The confusion is created when people say that Hazrat Issa already died and will take a new birth to come to this world – No, he is very much alive as Issa bin Mariam on the 2nd sky where Muhammed ( saw ) also met him during his ascension to sky i.e. during Miraaj and he will return to complete his worldly life but this time not to rehabilitate Taurait or for the lost tribe of Bani Israel but to support the deviant and subdued Ummah of Muhammed ( saw ) – he will be also be a follower of Muhammed ( saw ) – You must also understand that after the eminence of Muhammad ( saw ) no other shariah is enforce other than what Muhammed ( saw ) was given , you may recall the riwaiyat when Umer bin Khattab one time was reading a few pages of Taurat and Muhammed ( saw ) asked him what was he reading , on the reply of Umar Muhammed ( saw ) said that today if Moses was here he would have followed me and the message what I have been given by Allah ( swt ) – Now let us think , When Prophet Issa bin Mariam miraculous birth is not doubted , when Ashaabey kahaf sleeping in cave for hundreds of years is not doubted , when sleeping of Prophet Idrees( as ) in desert for hundred years is not doubted , when creation of Adam ( as ) from clay and water is not doubted, why Issa ibn Mariam kept alive on the second sky is in doubt ? Is it beyond the might or qudrat of Allah ( swt ) – Is Allah ( swt ) subjugated to his own system and creations. Why it has to be resurrection and not a direct ascension to the sky and dissention to this world for his final accomplishment. Why should it belittle the status of Muhammed ( saw ) who was forecasted to emerge in almost all divine books of Allah ( swt ) and the Prophets of those books knew him and did convey the message to their followers , this again was the knowledge of future given to all Prophets i.e. about coming of the last Nabi & Rasool – Similarly Prophet Muhammed ( saw ) has provided detail of Issa bin Mariam ( aa ) final return and about his struggle by joining hands with Imam Mehdi side by side. So , what is there in this detail which should be made fun about ? Prophets are not stupid people like us to discuss or quarrel about their status quoi – they are all devoted servants of Allah ( swt ) tied in the same chain of spirituality and carry out what they have been assigned to with all their humility , humbleness and submission to Allah ( swt ) . Their respect and glory is in their close ness to Allah ( swt ) and in HIS hands indeed.
10.Is it not enough for a seeker of truth that Allah (swt) categorically and strongly rejects the notion that they (Jews) killed him or crucified him as mentioned in Sura Nisa Aya 157-158?
That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”; ― but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.(― (157) Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. (158)
The reason why Allah (swt) made this very exceptional case again agrees with a very important principle mentioned in Quran in Sura Al -Mujadalah Aya 21
Allah has decreed: “It is I and My messengers who must prevail.” Indeed Allah is Omnipotent Almighty.” As such messengers of Allah can never be overpowered. Those nations who rejected their messengers were destroyed. Nooh AS, Hud AS, Saleh AS, Lut AS, Shoaib AS examples are mentioned in Quran, how Allah (swt) saved the messengers and destroyed those nations. Similarly Allah (swt) saved Esa AS who will be sent down to destroy the nation who rejected him and then die a normal dignified death on this earth,
When he will come, he will follow the Shariya of Prophet Mohammad and not bring any new laws which should clarify the confusion that his return would mean his superiority to Mohammad ( saw ) . On the contrary, he will live as a follower of Prophet Mohammad ( saw ) and spread Islam.
As for prophets who were not messengers, could be killed and Quran puts the blame of killing many prophets on Bani Israel. Even at the time of Esa AS, Yahya AS being a prophet was killed but when the same Jews plotted to kill Esa AS, Allah (swt) intervened in a miraculous way to save him.
12.Many aiyats and detail in Quran and Hadees are symbolic , exemplary and have been made for even a common man of all time to understand – With the passage of time and with the knowledge one may perceive things as per the level of understanding one may have – hence Ladder etc referred in your email for the dissension of Issa bin Mariam from the sky does not mean any wooden or metallic or ladder made of rope etc but a source or a process known to Allah ( swt ) himself – After all we use this term many places in our daily life like ladder to success or to any position – does it mean that we really climb any ladder or slide down the ladder in physical sense ?
13.Do you understand that Prophet Muhammed ( saw ) was given the knowledge of many things of past , present and to happen in future as well – so if he has mentioned any Minaret , why should it be doubted just because the Minaret was made many years after his death – The trouble is that his death is also taken like any common man ( this is a subject which can be dealt any time later not here ). Was he not taken up to the sky and many things were shown to him which is happening and will happen after dooms day that is Yeumel Akhir in Qiyamat ? Why only he ? does Quran not refer a few prophets who were shown how Allah ( swt) gives death to human being and bring them to life again ? and as said before they all were given the knowledge and information of Prophet Muhammed ( saw ) coming as the final most Messanger and Nabi – what about Quran itself mentioning the power given to Issa bin Mariam to bring dead person to life or blowing spirit to birds to bring them to life , so future knowledge as compared to this is nothing – Such a knowledge is even available with many psyche and Aamil and Aulia Karaam – why should after all it appear strange when it comes to Muhammed ( saw ) prophecy who is Ashraful and Imamul Anbia ? Please go through Prophet Muhammed ( saw ) prophecies of the signs of Qiyamat and look around to see how many of these events have already been fulfilled – I will send you a few of my articles in this regard separately.
14. You mentioned that one should out right reject any Hadees which does not coincide to Quran – this scale of measure is all right in principle but only those can do this who have in depth & perfect knowledge of Quranic revelations , Quranic language , the back ground and the perspective behind each revelation and again it’s true meaning and interpretation as was explained by the Prophet ( saw ) and his four closest companions – Do you seriously think that Imams and Muhaddeyseen were less pious , less knowledgeable , less God fearing ,had lesser love or devotion to Allah ( swt ) and Rasool ( saw ) , and they were people of lesser wisdom than the seasonal frog like self proclaimed scholars , Nabi , Rasool and some time even God incarnated to reject Hadees or to undermine the status of Muhammed ( saw ).
Rejection or Postmortem of Hadees is a daring step without having acquired enough knowledge at least to match Imam Bukharee and Muslim level and actually much higher than re-known Imams, Muhaddeyseen and Aulia Karam , the pious soul who are in constant attack by shallow and mean people who have no other objective than to dislodge first a basic foundation to understand Quran and once this is done it will be much easier to openly misinterpret Quran or draw meaning on it’s own without any reference. A very clever evil design to distort Islam & Quran – How ever any riwaiyat which appears to be a blasphemy or disrespect to the Prophet ( saw ) and does not match his holy & pious character must be out rightly rejected.
15. Sahabaas did not need to refer to Hadees written ( this also we cant be sure as many may have even got the information from the written text as well ) but importantly they were the ones who were all time with Prophets ( saw ) observing him and listening to him and those who were at physical distance to him for any time or some time were in communication with those who were with the Prophet ( saw ) so it was a direct learning which prevailed – Even after Prophet ( saw ) left this world many of his close companions were exchanging Qaule Rasool or Knowledge on Action of Rasool to take important decisions in their life or for the society or to govern the society and community to the extent of even his private and matrimonial life detail were revealed by none else but by his wives and most eminently through Hazrat Aiyesha ( ra ) – so it is a misconception that after Prophet ( saw ) left , it was only Quran which was consulted and not his Sunnah or Seerat in Qaul and Amal – They and all righteous Muslims in all ages and time knew it very clearly that Islam is not complete without the knowledge of his Seerah ( Qaul or Amal in every sphere of life ).
16.Rejection and Acceptance is also a psychological phenomena and it depends who is seeking the noor / light from Allah and who is wandering in the pitch of darkness – There are many aiyaats in Quran which refer to such kind of people and of those who are close to Allah because they have been brought to light / noor from darkness – Allaho waliul lazeena amanoo wa yakhrujhuum minazulumaat e ilan-noor.
There are communities and human societies built and even prospering from worldly point of view who reject God / Allah , Quran , Hadees , Prophets , Aulia Karam , Sahabas , concept of hell and Heaven , Angels , Jinns and many realities which they can’t comprehend and there are people who are Idol worshippers , take animals , planets , stars , money , sculptures , events , episodes , sky , trees and plants , kings and saints , graves to be their god and these people are not illiterate from worldly knowledge point of view , among them are highly educated also but still the darkness has engulfed them and they still think they have superb wisdom and others are fools.
Quran / Surah Baqrah – 10 & 11 : And they are the one who boast that they are peace maker and reformer but alas they are themselves mischief makers but they do not perceive.
The course to understand Quran or Islam in total is vide seeking Love of Allah ( swt ) and Rasool ( saw ) and through total submission – Once any one’s nisbat ( spiritual affiliation or association with Rasool( saw ) is established and it is gaining strength each day – he or she will have no difficulty in reaching the truth and reality of Islam – Fitna and Confusion is only caused by drawing one self in parallel to Rasool ( saw ) underestimating his status – Ma-aaz Allah.
Hope your queries have been answered,
Hesham A Syed.
Khaleel Yousuf Siddiqi
B.A., LL.B., D.S. & B.M. ( London , UK )
* President: Capri Islamic Foundation, Toronto .
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Dated: Feb. 06, 2010.
Janab Heshsam Syed Sahib,
— Mr. Tariq Khan forwarded your e-mail and comments on the Return of Hazrat Essa (bpuh). I am now in my 79th year, have a very humble background, poor education & knowledge of Koran & Hadees (Traditions). Could you kindly answer the following questions for my guidance. Also be kind to answer to the point, as brief as possible :-
— You have, in your e-mail quoted an Ayeth from The Qur’an of Chapter # 5, (MAIDA), Line # 3 : “ This day have I perfected your religion for you; completed My favor upon you, and gave chosen for you Islam as your religion.”
— Allah Kareem also says in Chapter # 33 (AHZAB), line # 40 : “ Muhammad (bpuh) is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.”
— From the above two Lines (Ayaaths), it is clear that on Muhammed (bpuh) prophet-hood was completed BECAUSE Allah through His Messenger, Muhammad (bpuh) had completed all His favors ( Guidance & Instructions) for human beings.
— During his Khutba (speech) at Hajjat-ul-Vda, Rasool-e-Kareem (bpuh) also announced that in Islam there is no superiority of a White over a Black, or of an Arabi over an Ajamee person, and that all human beings are Equal & “TAKWA” is the only criterion as fixed by Allah (Subhanaho).
— Then the question arises as to why and what for, He would send Essa (bpuh) again to this world. Particularly when Essa (bpuh) was sent specially for the guidance and reformation of Bani-Israel and did not bring any message for the entire human race. Essa (bpuh) was not “Rehmatul-lil- Alameen” but a prophet like many others in the past, for a specific area, race & nation.
— Qur’an, also tells us, very clearly, about the Birth of Essa (bpuh); about his miracles; about his teachings and about his being NOT Crucified or Hanged. However, it does not speak a word about his Resurrection or Return or Reappearance in this world.
— Question # 1: Could you, for my guidance, kindly let me know any Ayeth in the Holy Qur’an which in clear words, informs about the return of Essa (bpuh) ? When the Qur’an is silent on this topic, how could one say that he will come back ? Has Allah, Aleem-ul-Kabeer, forgotten (Na-ooz-bil-lah), to tell us about Essa’s (bpuh) Return to this world ? Is there any need of another Rasool or Nabi, after Ayeth # 3 of Chapter # 5, to complete the Mission of Muhammad (bpuh) ?
— The only source of information available in respect of the Return of Essa (bpuh) to this world, is from some Ahadees (Traditions), Bukhari & Muslim are among the most authentic of these books.
— Bukhari was born in 193 Hijree and died in 256 ( Age: 63) ; collected some 600,000 Ahadees, out of them, “he” selected only 2,762, (excluding some Repeated ones) discarding the other 593,7000. ( * Kindly see my note in the end. )
— Muslim was born in 204 Hijree & died at an age of 57 in 261 Hijree. He collected some 300,000 Ahadees out of which he selected 4,348 discarding the other 295,652. ( * Kindly see my note in the end. )
— In these two authentic books of Hadees, the Return of Essa (bpuh) is described as under:-
“ Before the Doomsday ( Quiyamath), Essa son of Maryam will descend from the sky, banking on the wings of two angles on the North minaret of a mosque in Damascus, Syria.
(The mosque, please note, was built between 709 – 715 A.D., some 100 hundred years after the death of the Prophet (bpuh) i.e. in 110 Hijree, by Umavi Khalifa, Abdul Malik bin Marwan.)
Then Essa will use a ladder to come down to the floor. Then he will travel down to Mecca where he will locate & identify a “SYED-un NASAL” Imam Mehdi while the Imam was circling Harum-e-Kaba. There-after Essa will perform all five times prayers behind Imam Mehdi, and under his (Imam’s) command an army will be organized to fight against the Infidels (Kuf-fars) etc etc.”
— I do not wish to conduct a complete “Postmortem” of the above quoted Hadees, except to draw your attention to:
——- That the Mosque was built a century after the death of the Prophet;
——- That the “need” of a Ladder which Essa will require to descend from the Minaret;
——- That the qualifications of the Imam Mehdi that he will be from Ali+Fatima’s pedigree;
——- And that A Rasool (Essa- Ruh-ul-lah) to say Namaz behind and Act under the command
of an Imam !
— This concept of Returning of Essa Messiah is a Christian Belief / Faith. They believe that Jesus, the Son of God, (after taking upon himself all the sins of his followers,) was crucified by the Jews and was buried. Three days after his burial, he came back to his Faithful-followers. After spending a few days with them, he went up to his Father with a promise to come back again before the Doomsday to convert all existing human population into Christians.
— Question # 2 : Do you believe or imagine or conceive that Rasool-e-Kareem (bpuh) could say such irrational things ? It is this Hadees that has given privilege or justification to about 33 persons (including Mirza Ghulam Ahmed of Quadian) in the Indian sub-continent, and to a few others in Africa, Asia and USA, to proclaim themselves as Massi-e-Maudood ( Re-born Essa).
Ahadees of Bukhari & Muslim, Food for Thought:-
· Bukhari died at the age of 63. Collected about 600,000 Ahadees. Now suppose he spent only TWO hour on the verification of Each Hadees. Then it requires 1,200,000 hours !
· 1,200,000 hours are equal to: 1,200,000 / 24 = 50,000 days; and 50,000 / 365 = 136.98 years !
· Then, suppose he started working on collection and verification of these Ahadees from the age of 13.02, his age should have been 136.98 + 13.02 = 152 years !
· Another calculation: If Mr. Bukhari used to work for16 hours per day on this task, then he had to spend , in all, (1,200,000 / 24) = 50,000 days OR 50,000 / 365 = 136.98 years.
· Then adding the period of his young-starting age of 13.02; to those 136.98 years, his age should have been 152 years, whereas he died at the age of 63 !
· Kindly note that Bukhari Sahib, in search of these Ahadees visited Mecca, Madina, Kufa , Basra, etc. etc. In addition to this job, he also wrote many books including a Tafsee of the Qur’an-e-Majeed.
On the same formula, age of Muslim Sahib , who collected about 300,000 Ahadees, should have been 600,000 / 24 =25,000 days or divided by 365 = 68.50 plus 12.50 ( his young age) = 82 years, whereas he died at the age of 57 !
My only request to all Muslim brothers & scholars is that we should have full faith in the Qur’an and judge any Hadees or act of Sahaba, or of Wali-allahs, etc in the light of the Qur’an. Any story, any saying or any Hadees which is contrary to the Qur’an, should be rejected outright. As far as Ahadees are concerned, Rasool-e-Kareem (bpuh), in his lifetime, strictly prohibited its collection. Go through the history of Islam during the periods of Abu Bakar, Umer, Usman and Ali and even Maaviya, (razi Alla-ho un-huma), they followed the Qur’an and never quoted Ahadees
— On Thu, 2/18/10, Khaleel Siddiqi <email@example.com> wrote:
From: Khaleel Siddiqi <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Re-birth of Essa.
Cc: “tariq khantk” <email@example.com>, “SABIH MANSOOR” <firstname.lastname@example.org>, “Afzal Imam” <email@example.com>, “gulrukh shaikh” <firstname.lastname@example.org>, “Gul Rukh” <email@example.com>, “AHMAD KHAN” <firstname.lastname@example.org>, “Pervaiz Salahuddin” <email@example.com>, “Adeel Siddiqi” <firstname.lastname@example.org>, “Jaleel Yousuf Siddiqi” <email@example.com>
Received: Thursday, February 18, 2010, 1:04 AM
|janab Hasham Syed Sahib, Slam-e-masnoon,
kindly find my humble submissions on the above topic and oblige me with your reply,
Best Regards. SKY
Khaleel Y. Siddiqi